Sikh Gurus

Personal Details of Guru Sahib

NoNameD O BGurushipDemiseAgeFatherMother
1.Guru Nanak Dev ji15 Apr 146920 Aug 150722 Sept 153969Mehta KaluMata Tripta
2.Guru Angad Dev ji31 Mar 15047 Sep 153929 Mar 155248Baba PheruMata Ramo
3.Guru Amar Das ji5 May 147926 Mar 15521 Sep 157448Tej Bhan BhallaBakht Kaur
4.Guru Ram Das ji24 Sep 15341 Sep 15741 Sep 158195Baba Hari DasMata Daya Kaur
5.Guru Arjan Dev ji15 Apr 15631 Sep 158130 May 160646Guru Ram DasMata Bhani
6.Guru Har Gobind ji19 June 159525 May 160628 Feb 164443Guru Arjan devMata Ganga
7.Guru Har Rai ji16 Jan 16303 Mar 16446 Oct 166131Baba GurditaMata Nihal Kaur
8.Guru Har Krishan ji7 July 16566 Oct 166130 Mar 16647Guru Har RaiMata Krishan Kaur
9.Guru Tegh Bahadur ji1 Apr 162120 Mar 166511 Nov 167554Guru HargobindMata Nanki
10.Guru Gobind Singh ji22 Dec 166611 Nov 16757 Oct 170841Guru Tegh BahadurMata Gujri
11.Guru Granth Sahib jin/a7 Oct 1708n/an/a  


  • Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, human spiritual teachers or masters, over the period from 1469 to 1708 – that is over a period of 239 years. These teachers were enlightened souls whose main purpose in life was the spiritual and moral well-being of the masses.
  • By setting an exceptional example of how to live a holy and worthy life through practicing righteous principles of living their human lives, they sort to awaken the higher consciousness in the human race. The Gurus taught the people of India and beyond, to live spiritually fulfilling lives with dignity, freedom, and honor.
  • Each of the ten masters added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting eventually to the creation of the religion that is now called Sikhism. Guru Nanak Dev was the first Guru and Guru Gobind Singh the final Guru in human form.
  • When Guru Gobind Singh left this world, he made the Sri Guru Granth Sahib the ultimate and final Sikh Guru. The Spirit of this final Guru is more than a holy book for the Sikhs, who give this eternal Guru the same respect and reverence as a living “human” Guru.
  • During the span of 239 years, the Sikh Gurus laid down within the sacred scriptures, the rules and regulations that outline the way of living that was to be followed by all practicing disciple of this religion.
  • The history and the literature present the followers of the faith and others with the raw material required to learn about the beliefs and practices propagated by the Gurus.
  • The Gurus were clear also to outline rituals, practices, and beliefs that were not appropriate and were not to be followed by the faithful disciples. They promoted the habit of reciting holy hymns called Shabads; living in constant remembrance of the Supreme Creator and living a simple life of truth, decency, and virtuous principles.